Page last updated at 17:54 GMT, Monday, 18 May 2009 18:54 UK

Turkish president 'facing trial'

Abdullah Gul (16 May 2009)
Mr Gul's office said the president could not stand trial except for treason

A Turkish court has ruled President Abdullah Gul should stand trial for alleged embezzlement in the late 1990s.

The Welfare Party, a precursor of the governing AK Party, was accused of misappropriating funds from the state treasury after being banned in 1998.

Mr Gul, a founder of the AKP, was elected president in 2007.

The case will now be considered by an appeal court. But it is unclear whether Mr Gul will end up going on trial, as he could have immunity as president.

Correspondents say Turkey's secular establishment has often used the courts to oppose the activities of the Islamist-rooted AKP.

Last July, the Constitutional Court came close to banning the party for allegedly trying to undermine the country's secular system.

'Missing money'

The Welfare Party briefly held power as part of a coalition government between 1996 and 1997, during which time it implemented some pro-Islamist reforms, such as allowing women to wear headscarves in government offices.

According to the constitution it is impossible to put a president on trial for any charge apart from treason
President Abdullah Gul's office

Its leader, Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan, was eased from office following pressure from the military in a so-called "soft coup". In 1998, the party was banned for violating constitutional obligations to respect secularism.

Afterwards, the Welfare Party's assets were transferred to the state treasury, which found that more than 1bn lira ($3.5m at the time) was missing.

The party said it had transferred the money to its local branches, while prosecutors argued that the money had never reached the branches but did not say where it went.

In 2002, Mr Erbakan was sentenced to two years and four months in jail for embezzlement in connection with the alleged fraud, and fined.

Mr Gul, who was deputy chairman of the Welfare Party and a state minister under Mr Erbakan, pardoned him last year.

In Monday's ruling, the court said it was "the rule in the Turkish Republic's constitution and laws that everyone should stand trial".

However, Mr Gul's office said that according to the constitution, "the president cannot be put on trial unless it is on charges of treason".

Print Sponsor

Turkey's ruling party escapes ban
30 Jul 08 |  Europe
Turkey's urban elite wary of AKP
30 Jul 08 |  Europe
Narrow escape leaves Turkey divided
31 Jul 08 |  Europe
Q&A: Turkey's ruling party on trial
28 Jul 08 |  Europe
Turkish ruling party put on trial
01 Jul 08 |  Europe
Q&A: Turkey's presidency battle
28 Aug 07 |  Europe
Profile: Abdullah Gul
28 Aug 07 |  Europe
Turks elect ex-Islamist president
28 Aug 07 |  Europe
Turkey awaits AKP's next step
23 Jul 07 |  Europe

Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit


Sign in

BBC navigation

Copyright © 2017 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific