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Last Updated: Tuesday, 2 December, 2003, 09:33 GMT
Profiles: Accused Muslim officers
Colonel Amir Kubura
Colonel Kubura was in charge of notorious 7th Muslim Brigade
Two senior Bosnian Muslims are being tried on war crimes charges relating to the 1992-1995 conflict in Bosnia.

Ex-General Enver Hadzihasanovic and Colonel Amir Kubura are accused of murdering about 200 Bosnian Croat and Serb civilians in Bosnia-Hercegovina.

They are accused not of personally committing the crimes, but of failing to prevent men under their command from doing so.

Both Mr Hadzihasanovic and Mr Kubura have denied all the charges.

The indictment alleges that the two men were responsible for executions and massacres following attacks on towns and villages.

Murder, cruel treatment
Wanton destruction, plunder of public or private property
Wilful destruction of religious institutions

Their alleged victims were mainly Croat, but also Serb prisoners-of-war and civilians.

Mr Hadzihasanovic and Mr Kubura were arrested in 2001 by the Bosnian police in Sarajevo on the basis of the sealed indictment.

When making a preliminary court appearance at The Hague later that year, both declared their intention to plead not guilty as charged.

Enver Hadzihasanovic

Mr Hadzihasanovic, 53, succeeded General Alagic as commander of the Third Corps of the Bosnian Government forces (1992-1993).

General Enver Hadzihasanovic
General Hadzihasanovic led the Third Corps until 1993

The Third Corps delivered the first victory for the Bosnian army in 1993, after a year of defeats, by rolling back Croat forces in central Bosnia.

In November 1993, he was promoted to Chief of the Supreme Command Staff of the Bosnian Army and later became a member of the Joint Command of the Army of the Federation of Bosnia-Hercegovina.

Mr Hadzihasanovic also led the reconfigured Croat-Muslim troops when they were given post-war training by United States instructors.

He retired in April 2000.

Amir Kubura

Mr Kubura, 39, commanded the most controversial unit under General Alagic's command - the 7th Muslim Brigade.

While most units in Bosnia's national army contained some Croats, Serbs and those of mixed ethnic parentage, Mr Kubura's brigade was reputed to be tightly segregated.

Its soldiers worked closely with mujahideen - units of Muslim fighters from Islamic countries who were prepared to conduct a jihad, or holy war, in Bosnia.

Bosnian Muslims deny war crimes
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28 Oct 03  |  Europe
Bosnia's war legacy
03 Apr 02  |  Crossing Continents

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