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Last Updated: Monday, 28 July, 2003, 02:00 GMT 03:00 UK
EU unfazed by Castro rebuff
Fidel Castro in Santiago
Castro's appetite for big speeches has hardly dulled
The European Union has said it will continue to offer aid to Cuba, despite President Fidel Castro's denunciation of the EU as the United States' "Trojan horse".

"Cuba does not need the help of the European Union to survive," Mr Castro said in a speech on Saturday to mark the 50th anniversary of the revolution he led.

In a statement on Sunday, the EU's executive arm said it regretted Mr Castro's remarks but intended to continue offering its support in the absence of an official Cuban request not to do so.

A group of old colonial powers historically responsible for slave trafficking, looting and even the extermination of entire peoples
Fidel Castro, on the EU

The EU was until recently seen as an economic lifeline for the ailing Socialist state.

Relations deteriorated rapidly in early June, however, when it raised the prospect of sanctions over the Cuba's mass imprisonment of dissidents.

The EU was a "group of old colonial powers historically responsible for slave trafficking, looting and even the extermination of entire peoples", Mr Castro told his audience.

In its response, the European Commission said it wished to "stress its commitment to continue supporting the Cuban people and in particular those most in need".

Sparking a revolution

Mr Castro gave his speech to a crowd of 10,000 at the Moncada barracks in Santiago de Cuba, where the uprising began.

In 1953, as a 26-year-old revolutionary, Mr Castro led about 120 fighters in a raid against the garrison of about 800 soldiers at Santiago.

Mr Castro's forces were crushed and he was arrested, but Cubans still mark the date as the beginning of the revolution.

National celebrations of the 50th anniversary include fireworks, cultural galas and an appearance by Elian Gonzalez - the child at the centre of a row between the US and Cuba three years ago.

BBC News Online looks back at the revolution that brought Fidel Castro to power

Hundreds of Cuban children have also re-enacted the attack on the barracks.

A number of Mr Castro's ill-armed revolutionaries were killed or captured in the attack on the barracks and he was put on trial.

"Convict me; it does not matter. History will absolve me," Mr Castro, a trained lawyer, told the court in a speech which became a manifesto for the Cuban revolution.

He was sentenced to 15 years in prison but was freed in a general amnesty less than two years later.

He went to Mexico and later returned to Cuba to oust the right-wing dictator Fulgencio Batista on 1 January 1959.

He has since become the world's longest-serving head of government, outlasting nine US presidents and long-standing American hostility to his regime.

Uncertain future

His country has gone from being the third-richest in Latin America to one of the poorest.

Cuban migrants trying to cross the Straits of Florida 16 July
Cubans use many methods to flee towards Florida
Its economy now relies heavily on funds sent from Cubans abroad and on tourism, much of which stems from the EU.

Untold numbers of Cubans flee the island every year, trying to cross to nearby Florida - including via a truck turned into a raft this week.

However, Cuba can still boast good healthcare and education

But as President Castro nears his 77th birthday in August, many Cubans wonder how much longer he will remain in power, and what may happen when he dies.

The BBC's Matt Frei
"The masses gathered in Santiago de Cuba"

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