London and the South East have had the fastest growing populations in the past 10 years, the Halifax bank has said.
Five local authorities in London were in the top 10 for population growth
Britain's smallest local authority area, the City of London, recorded the fastest growth rate at 51%.
While 313 local authorities saw population increases, 93 recorded a decline in the number of people living there, according to the bank.
The Western Isles in Scotland recorded the largest rate of population decline - at minus 11% over 10 years.
HIGHEST POPULATION GROWTH BY LOCAL AUTHORITY
City of London 51%
East Cambridgeshire 27%
Kensington & Chelsea 23%
Tower Hamlets 22%
Four other London authorities were also in the top 10 for population increases: Westminster - 26%, Kensington and Chelsea - 23%, Tower Hamlets - 22% and Camden -18%.
Only two areas outside London have had population increases of more than 20%: East Cambridgeshire - 27% and North Kesteven in the East Midlands - 22%.
Of those areas that saw population growth, 54 local authorities had a rise of more than 10%.
Most of these authorities are in the south and east of England, but each region, except for the North East, had at least one local authority that had seen more than a 10% increase.
BIGGEST POPULATION DECLINE BY LOCAL AUTHORITY
Western Isles minus 11%
Inverclyde minus 8%
Dundee City minus 7%
Merthyr Tydfil minus 7%
Kingston upon Hull minus 7%
Two other Scottish regions completed the top three places with the biggest falls in population. Inverclyde saw numbers fall 8% and Dundee City by 7%.
Halifax economist Tim Crawford said: "London dominates the list of areas in Britain that have seen the fastest population growth over the past 10 years, reflecting the capital's ongoing economic prosperity.
"Major cities in northern Britain, such as Glasgow, Liverpool, Newcastle and Hull, have recorded population declines, highlighting the ongoing north/south divide."
Linking the population changes to property, the Halifax said house prices have increased, on average, by 238% in the last 10 years in the 10 local authorities with the fastest growing population.
This compares with a 195% increase in UK-wide house prices.
Similarly, the 10 areas with the largest falls in population have all seen house price growth slower - at 123% - than the UK average.