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Last Updated: Wednesday, 26 March, 2003, 12:19 GMT
Fact file: The Queen's Royal Lancers
The Queen's Royal Lancers - motto Death or Glory - is a heavy armour regiment, recently converted to Challenger II main battle tanks.

It comprises five squadrons - one Headquarters, providing support for four "Sabre Squadrons", named A to D.

Each of those has four "troops" of three tanks.

Elements are fighting in Iraq.

Like so much of the modern British Army, the regiment - whose colonel-in-chief is the Queen herself - derives from a series of amalgamations of earlier units.

Challenger II tank
The Queen's Royal Lancers are equipped with Challenger II battle tanks

It was formed in June 1993 from the 16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers and the 17th/21st Lancers.

The 5th Royal Irish Lancers was formed in 1858 and first fought in a major conflict in the Boer War in 1899, as well as action in the First World War, although traces its origins to an Irish dragoons regiment dating back to 1689.

In 1922 it joined with the 16th The Queen's Royal Lancers, raised in 1759.

The regiment was mechanised in 1940.

Its battle honours include Blenheim, Talavera, Waterloo, Aliwal, Ypres, Fondouk, Cassino and more recently the Gulf, 1991.

The 17th Lancers - the Duke of Cambridge's Own, raised in 1759, and the 21st - Empress of India's, raised in 1760, were also amalgamated in 1922.

The 17th was involved in the disastrous charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimea in 1854.

The 21st took part in what is regarded as the last great British cavalry charge, at Omdurman 45 years later - in which a young Lieutenant Winston Churchill led a troop.

The 17th/21st was mechanised in 1938.

The Queen's Royal Lancers has been based at Imphal Barracks, Osnabrück in Germany since its formation in 1993, as part of 4th Armoured Brigade.

The regiment has served recently with the United Nations in Cyprus, and also in Bosnia and in Kosovo.

It is due to return to Catterick in England in late 2003 for six years.







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