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Last Updated: Tuesday, 3 April 2007, 07:06 GMT 08:06 UK
'I was wrong about Steve Jobs'
Bill Thompson doubted Apple's desire to sell songs without DRM. They start doing it in May, so what does he think now?

Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs does not have the halo quite yet

At Monday's press event to announce that the iTunes Music Store will be selling "premium" songs from EMI's catalogue without the copy-protection offered by the Fairplay digital rights management system, Steve Jobs noted that "some doubted Apple's sincerity when we made our proposal earlier this year... they said we had too much to lose".

That would be me, then.

In February Jobs wrote that Apple would stop using DRM "in an instant" if it could, and I was dismissive. "I don't believe him", I wrote at the time, going on to argue that "if Apple switched off Fairplay then they would probably sell a lot more songs, on which they make very little money, and a lot fewer iPods, on which they make a lot".

I also wrote that "Jobs can see which way the wind is blowing, and he can see that the record companies are finally tiring of their painful, expensive and ultimately unsatisfactory relationship with DRM", arguing that his comments were an attempt to "position Apple for this brave new world".

'Seriously underestimated'

Well, he has proved me wrong by opening up the iTunes store to non-DRM music, and showed that I had seriously underestimated his business acumen.

He may even have done it in a way which avoids the fate of being "crushed under foot by those who really understand the music business and didn't sell their souls to the record companies back in the days when they believed in DRM" that I predicted for him in my February column.

Bill Thompson
I won't go so far as to believe that DRM-free music market was the endgame when iTunes was first launched

It would be easy to be cynical and attempt to dismiss this as just another PR effort from Jobs, lining up with a weakened and desperate record company to pull a stunt that will promote EMI as it tries to sell itself.

After all EMI is only one record company among many, and the London venue for the launch might indicate that the change of heart is at least in part an attempt to defuse EU concerns about interoperability and market distortion in the online music business.

But I'd rather be positive about what was announced Monday.

EMI and Apple's action could mark the start of the endgame for music DRM, a recognition that it can't work and won't work, and I approve of this.

In an interoperable world of open music we can leave it to the market to decide which player, which store and which bands make it big, and that is a good thing.


I don't like DRM. I don't know anyone who has ever downloaded a music track and muttered "how nice to know that this track is copy-protected and so ensures that I don't inadvertently play it on another computer or copy it to a friend's music player".

I'm pretty sure that Steve Jobs the man - as opposed to Steve Jobs the hard-edged CEO of a major technology company - doesn't like it either.

Everything I've read and seen of Jobs leads me to respect his deal-making ability and to believe that he wants the digital revolution to triumph not falter. Of course he wants Apple to be leading the charge - it's his company - but that does not mean he will make decisions that would damage the long term growth of the networked world.

I won't go so far as to believe that DRM-free music market was the endgame when iTunes was first launched - at least, not until I see the internal e-mails - but it may well have been one of the scenarios that the people behind it considered.

I was also reminded of why Jobs matters by a sweet piece of synchronicity, because as he was appearing on stage in London I was helping my girlfriend clear out some of the technology she has been keeping in her attic.

There was a lot of old Acorn kit, a Z88, even a Mac II. But the only shiver came when she handed me a plastic bag containing an Apple II, the computer that changed the world, the computer that Steve Wozniak built and Steve Jobs sold.

Massive debt

If Jobs is the man to turn the music industry away from DRM then we will all owe him a massive debt of gratitude. And today, while there is still a lot of manipulation, politicking and arm-twisting to be done, we've taken a small step in the right direction.

Music sites that already offer open music may now be worried that iTunes will eat into their market share, but of course the other labels aren't going to change their policy overnight, and in a DRM-free world users will be able to buy tracks from different stores and know that they will work on their computer or portable player, just as we can buy CDs from any shop and take them home to play.

I might now celebrate by buying a tune or two of unencumbered music from Apple's store when they are available next month, even though it will be more expensive than popping down to my local discount record store and picking up a CD to rip.

Bill Thompson is an independent journalist and regular commentator on the BBC World Service programme Digital Planet.

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