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Tuesday, 9 April, 2002, 21:10 GMT 22:10 UK
Scotland's farewell to Queen Mother
The Prince of Wales looks skywards during the funeral
The Prince of Wales looks skywards during the funeral
Thousands of people across Scotland remembered the Queen Mother as her funeral was held at Westminster Abbey.

Across the country, factories, shops and offices fell silent for two minutes at 1130BST (1030GMT) to mark the start of the funeral.

Dozens of mourners attended a memorial service at a church in Forfar where she was confirmed 86 years ago.

On Tuesday evening Prince Charles flew in to Scotland just hours after the funeral.

Accompanied by his youngest son Prince Harry he arrived at Aberdeen Airport at 2025 BST.

Prince Charles then travelled to Birkhall to meet Camilla Parker Bowles who had also flown north of the border.

They are expected to stay at Birkhall on Royal Deeside for three weeks.

Earlier in the day, a planned strike by more than 1,000 staff at military bases on the Clyde was called off as a mark of respect.

Queen Mother
Tributes were paid to the 101-year-old
Many local authorities held a period of silence in council buildings.

Black banners were put up in Glasgow's George Square in recognition of the solemn occasion. The streets came to a virtual standstill as motorists, shoppers and pedestrians observed a two-minute silence at 1130 BST.

At Queen Street station, more than 150 waiting passengers stood or sat in silence.

Dockside lament

In Edinburgh, a piper began playing too early, not realising that the clock near Waverley Station is traditionally set five minutes fast.

A lone piper played on board and on the docks at the Royal Yacht Britannia at Leith.

In Aberdeen city centre, traffic lights were switched to red for two minutes at 1100 BSTas a mark of respect.

Jim Stout plays at Britannia
Jim Stout plays at Britannia
The Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, the Right Reverend John Miller, participated in the funeral service at Westminster Abbey, which was attended by First Minister Jack McConnell and Scottish National Party leader John Swinney.

Mr McConnell said: "It was an excellent and unifying service which represented perfectly the life of a unifying woman.

"When I heard the pipes and drums outside Westminster Abbey I was very proud to represent Scotland at such a special British occasion."

Buildings shut

Courts adjourned to mark the silence and the National Trust, of which the Queen Mother was the patron, closed all of its buildings for the morning.

Staff and students at the universities of St Andrews and Dundee, which both had special links with the Queen Mother, observed the silence.

The Queen Mother's special affection for Scotland was highlighted during a remembrance service at St John's Scottish Episcopal church in Forfar.

BHS, Princes St, Edinburgh, with sign on door
An Edinburgh store worker ponders the occasion
She was one of 12 people confirmed at the church on 5 November, 1916.

Colonel David Lloyd Jones, a former administrator at nearby Glamis Castle, the Queen Mother's family home, led the tributes.

"Having been a member of the castle staff for 10 years, there was this wonderful sense of loyalty to this great lady," he said.

"No-one was ever disloyal, no-one would let her down."

Glamis Castle, where she spent much of her childhood, and Balmoral Castle on Royal Deeside, closed as a mark of respect.

Prince Charles is expected to travel to the Queen Mother's residence at Birkhall in Royal Deeside following the funeral to mourn his grandmother.

BBC Scotland's Raymond Buchanan reports
"People bowed their heads and remembered"
BBC Scotland's Joanne Macaulay reports
"There was a very Scottish feeling to proceedings"
See also:

09 Apr 02 | Scotland
From the mouths of babes
09 Apr 02 | Scotland
'Truly, the passing of an era'
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