Page last updated at 17:17 GMT, Thursday, 6 November 2008

S Africa holds huge ivory auction

Tusks on display on October 28, 2008, in Windhoek, Namibia
Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe have also sold off their stocks

South Africa has held the world's biggest legal sale of ivory for almost 20 years.

The auction in Pretoria of more than 51 tonnes of elephant tusks was sanctioned by the UN body which oversees trade in endangered species.

The tusks sold for $142 per kilo, netting the government $6.7m (4.2m) -less than expected.

The South African government has been condemned by conservation groups and other African countries for the sale.

Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe have all sold off their own ivory stocks over the past two weeks.

The ivory can only be sold to officially approved buyers from China and Japan and the money has to be spent on conservation.

They are not allowed to export the ivory, and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (Cites) says it will monitor trade to make sure companies are not mixing illegally sourced ivory with the legal shipments.

Trade ban

The BBC's Jonah Fisher went to a large warehouse at a secret location in Kruger National Park in South Africa where the hundreds of elephant tusks were stored.

Some of them were small and stacked on shelves, while others lay on the floor - great curved pieces of ivory - over two metres (6.5ft) long.

Botswana: 43.68 tonnes
Namibia: 9.2 tonnes
South Africa: 51,12 tonnes
Zimbabwe: 3.75 tonnes

All of the elephants that the tusks came from either died naturally or were culled as part of a population control programme.

In previous sales, the ivory had been sold for $150 (94). South Africa expected to make about $8m (5m) from the auction.

Wanda Mkutshulwa, from South African National Parks, told the BBC that she welcomed the sale.

"We're seeing less and less funds being channelled towards conservation and yet... there is so much work that still needs to be done."

Critics of the auction - such as Kenya - say creating a legal ivory market encourages elephant poaching and makes it easier for illegal tusks to be sold.

However, data collected by the wildlife trade monitoring network Traffic shows that seizures of illegal ivory fell in the years following the last legal sale in 1999, says the BBC's environment correspondent Richard Black.

The ivory trade was banned globally in 1989 because poaching was decimating elephant populations. These sales and the 1999 sale are the only exceptions.

Last month, the internet site eBay banned virtually all products containing ivory after lobbying from animal welfare groups.

Print Sponsor

Ivory auction opens amid concerns
28 Oct 08 |  Science & Environment
EBay to ban sales of ivory goods
21 Oct 08 |  Americas
China gets ivory imports go-ahead
15 Jul 08 |  Science & Environment
Cull concerns 'miss bigger picture'
17 Mar 08 |  Science & Environment
African deal cut on ivory trade
14 Jun 07 |  Science & Environment
Looking for clues in the ivory jungle
10 Jun 07 |  Science & Environment

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites

Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit


Sign in

BBC navigation

Copyright © 2017 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific