BBC Radio 4's Crossing Continents was broadcast on Thursday, 3 March, 2005, at 1100 GMT.
This school now has an alternative theory to evolution in its science curriculum
The programme was repeated on Monday, 7 March, 2005 at 2030 GMT.
The town of Dover in rural Pennsylvania has never been the sort of place to attract attention.
But the eyes of the world are now firmly on this small town after its high school became the first in America for several generations to introduce a form of creationism into its science curriculum as an alternative to evolution.
The move is part of a radical new agenda being promoted by an increasingly confident Christian Right, buoyed by its crucial role in re-electing President George W Bush on the dominant issue of "moral values".
The Right wants to see a greater role for Christianity in American public life and is turning in huge numbers to home schooling in order to place the Bible at the centre of their children's education.
A new Christian University has also been set up specifically for home-schooled children which has very close links to Bush's White House.
For this week's Crossing Continents, Marvin Rees travelled to Pennsylvania and Virginia to look at how religious education has become a focal point in the battle for the heart and soul of middle America.
Presenter: Marvin Rees
Producer: Mark Alden