BBC Home
Explore the BBC
BBC News
Launch consoleBBC NEWS CHANNEL
Languages
Last Updated: Tuesday, 20 March 2007, 17:10 GMT
Somalia tops minority threat list
Woman wounded in Mogadishu fighting - file photo
Somalia was third-worst last year for minority rights, says MRG
Somalia has overtaken Iraq as the world's most dangerous country for minority groups, a study has found.

Sudan, Afghanistan and Burma followed in the global survey by the Minority Rights Group International (MRG).

It alleges the US ignored abuses of minorities in countries supporting the US "war on terror" including Pakistan, Turkey and Israel.

Sri Lanka saw the highest rise in persecutions with renewed fighting between government and rebel forces.

"A new government in Somalia has raised hopes for democracy, but it is also a uniquely dangerous time," said MRG's director Mark Lattimer.

"There is the spectre of a return of large-scale clan violence - and groups that supported the old order are now under tremendous threat."

MRG said the Darood, Hawiye and Issaq clans are under threat as well as the Bantu group.

Darfur crisis

Sudan is the third worst offender, said the State of the World's Minorities report, because of the violence in Darfur.

FIVE WORST COUNTRIES
Somalia
Iraq
Sudan
Afghanistan
Burma
Source: Minority Rights Group International
Most computers will open this document automatically, but you may need Adobe Reader

More than two million people have been displaced since the fighting began in 2003 and the UN says refugee camps in the region are almost full.

At least 200,000 have died in the ongoing violence between pro-government Arab Janjaweed militia groups and rebel groups in Darfur.

The MRG said farmers from the Zahgawa, Masalit and Fur groups, amongst others, have been targeted.

Minority groups in Iraq including Christians, Yezidis and Mandaeans face targeted killings, abductions and torture.

The group's study links tensions in Turkey surrounding the EU accession process to a surge in religious and nationalist extremism behind attacks on minorities - such as the murder of Turkish-Armenian writer Hrant Dink at the end of 2006.

Aftermath of Iraq car bomb attack - file photo
Minority groups in Iraq face daily violence, abduction and torture
"US allies have managed to barter their support for the war on terror in return for having their human rights records ignored," said Mr Lattimer.

The MRG also blames the "war on terror" for a rise in anti-Muslim attacks and intimidation within the European Union affecting millions of ethnic Arabs, South Asians and other Muslim minorities.

In Sri Lanka, minority Tamils and Muslims are caught up in fighting and increasingly becoming targets for abduction and disappearance after the breakdown of peace efforts between Tamil Tiger rebels and government forces last year.

"In three-quarters of the world's conflicts, the killing is now targeted at particular ethnic or religious groups," said Mr Lattimer.

"Because they are usually minorities their suffering is largely ignored."


SEE ALSO
Iraq's minorities 'face violence'
26 Feb 07 |  Middle East
UN 'missed' Darfur crisis signs
16 Oct 06 |  Africa
Life on the Burma-Thai border
26 Feb 07 |  Asia-Pacific

RELATED INTERNET LINKS
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites



FEATURES, VIEWS, ANALYSIS
Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit

PRODUCTS & SERVICES

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific