People living near Manston airport in Kent are being asked for their views on the future of the airport, including the continuation of night flights.
People have three months to register their views
A new agreement is currently being drafted and will regulate the use of the surrounding land and will impose certain obligations on the owner.
The airport agreement is a voluntary project but once it is in place it will become legally binding.
Local people and passengers have three months to register their views.
Despite widespread opposition from people living nearby, EUjet was granted permission to run night flights this summer from April until September.
This consultation covers whether night flights will be able to continue after this period.
The agreement, called a Section 106, sets out how a developer will contribute to the community - by donating cash for road schemes, providing affordable homes or creating new open spaces, for example - in return for a planning application being approved.
Richard Samuel, chief executive of Thanet District Council said: "There have been significant changes at the airport in the last year such as the introduction of passenger flights.
"We need to review the existing agreement to ensure it keeps pace with the airport's development.
"It is important the agreement safeguards both the environment and the quality of life of local people."
As part of the consultation, questionnaires will be distributed, telephone surveys carried out and a consultation bus will spend time touring the Thanet area.
The information will then be looked at by Thanet District Council and Planestation, the owners of the airport.
Passenger flights began operating from Manston in September 2004.